Whoever controls the data, will rule the new world order.

Whoever capitalizes the most out of that data, will become the winner.

Whether it’s across different industries, or in the arena.

We’re all familiar with data transforming the major sectors — be it banking or healthcare, education or transportation, agriculture or manufacturing, data has become a pivotal asset for all. But did you know that data can be harnessed, captured, and used in the sports industry as well? If not, then you’re definitely on the right track. Quite literally.

Source: Factor Magazine

All sports involve some kind of movement. Whether it’s batting on…

How does one manage to stay fit, when it’s so easy to quit?

I didn’t intend to start on a pessimistic point but staying hale and hearty during the pandemic is quite a bit of a challenge. Especially when you’re struggling to balance the whole work-from-home thing, curb your socializing, stay fit and retain that bit of sanity that’s left. But ironically, these testing times require you to stay in your best form.

A year ago when the pandemic had just started, I found it extremely difficult to muster any form of discipline, dedication, or drive to keep myself fit…

Did you know that once you’ve been derailed from a task by an interruption, it takes an average of 23 minutes, 15 seconds to get back on track? So when you unlocked your phone to check that notification, you also ended up flipping through those new headlines, checked out a new reel on Instagram, instantly sent a snap to maintain that streak, hopped onto LinkedIn to accept that connection you didn’t know, and then probably landed up on this blog to check out ways to optimize your productivity. …

It’s a cloudy night, you’ve had a long day and you’re driving back home from work on a deserted road. You’re on your two-wheeler, riding eagerly to get back to your warm bed.

And boom! All of a sudden a car rams into you, throws you off your bike, and makes a dash towards the nearest exit.

Next minute, before you can process anything, you’re struggling on the road, with nobody to come to your rescue. You’re slowly losing your consciousness and desperately hoping that some form of help arrives. But alas, you’re left stranded. …

A watchdog timer (WDT) is a hardware timer that automatically generates a system reset if the main program neglects to periodically service it. It is often used to automatically reset an embedded device that hangs because of a software or hardware fault. The Arduino Uno board has an ATmega328P chip as its controlling unit, which has a Watchdog Timer that helps the system recover from scenarios when the system hangs or freezes due to errors in the code or due to conditions that may arise due to hardware issues.

How does the Watchdog timer work?

The watchdog timer uses an…

An interrupt is a signal that tells the processor to immediately stop its current task and handle another high priority processing. This high priority processing is called an Interrupt Handler/Interrupt Service Routine. Almost every electronic device comes across a scenario where an interrupt needs to ‘interrupt’ the regular process and attend to an important task at hand. So technically, interrupts are a mechanism by which an I/O or an instruction can suspend the normal execution of the processor and get serviced since it has a high priority. …

The Analog to Digital converter in the Arduino Uno is a very useful feature that converts an analog voltage into digital and gives it to the microcontroller. By converting the analog value to digital ones, we can start using electronics to interface to the analog world around us. For example, when we interface sensors or need to integrate biometric applications — the output of the sensor is most of the time analog in nature, but the microcontroller processes digital signals. So, for such scenarios, we use ADC that acts as a mediator between the sensor and microcontroller.

ADC in Arduino…

Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a synchronous serial data protocol used by microcontrollers for communicating with one or more peripheral devices quickly over short distances. It can also be used for communication between two microcontrollers.

In an SPI connection, there is always a master device (usually a microcontroller) that controls the peripheral devices.

SPI uses the following four wires:

SCK − This is the serial clock driven by the master that synchronizes the data transmission.

MOSI − This is the master output/slave input driven by the master.

MISO − This is the master input/slave output driven by the master.


The term I2C stands for ‘Inter-Integrated Circuits’. It’s normally denoted as I2C or I squared C or even as 2-wire protocol (TWI) in some instances — all indicative of the same. I2C is a synchronous communication protocol, unlike the UART; synchronous implies that both the devices that are sharing the information share a common clock signal. It consists of only two wires to share information, out of which one is used for the clock signal and the other one is used for sending and receiving data.

How does I2C work?

I2C communication protocol was first introduced by Philips. As mentioned…

UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter), is a hardware device (or circuit) used for serial communication between two devices. In this blog, we will discuss what UART communication is and how it works. We’ll also write a simple sketch to show it’s with the Arduino Uno.

How does UART work?

The UART protocol requires two wires between the devices that are communication, one for each direction of communication. Each of these devices have an independent transmitting and receiving module. These modules do not have to be in sync with each other, hence asynchronous.

When a device transmits data, it sends it as…

Aditi Shah

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